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For 29 species, Mulrum was calculated directly from a subset of Mutlum as(5)However, Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum to sample limitations mean VMF was estimated for 30 species as:(6)All statistical analyses were conducted using R v.

We assessed significance of observed K-values by randomizing Cconv and Cvol across the tips of the phylogeny 999 times. It is important to note that the null model (i. Unresolved evolutionary relationships were treated as polytomies. In this analysis, the cumulative variation explained as one moves from Mulum to lower taxonomic levels (i.

Ecological correlates of wood C content (Cconv) examined in this study Nevanac (Nepafenac Ophthalmic Suspension)- FDA relative growth rate (RGR), mortality rate (M), maximum tree height (Hmax), and WD.

RGR and M data were taken from Condit et al. Wright (unpublished data; Table S1). RGR95 and M25 were taken from Wright et al. Prior to analysis RGR, RGR95, M, and M25 were log-transformed to meet assumptions of normality. Significance of independent variables in the AIC-selected model was determined using multiple regression. Linear regression was used to test for relationships between Cconv and RGR95 and M25 separately, due to sample size limitations.

Species codes are defined in Table S1. Although some congeneric species showed similarity in Cconv (e. Cupania, Protium, and Virola species), the lack of phylogenetic Lanoxinn in Cconv is driven by large divergences in other genera.

Although taxonomic information alone (Digoxn a total Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum 63. Species identity accounted for 62. Order-level taxonomic identity accounted for 0. Taxonomic roche pos explained 36. Species terms explained 26. Our dataset did not detect a strong WD-C relationship (adj. Our study also confirms that the volatile carbon fraction (Cvol) is an important component of total wood C content in tropical species (Figs.

Lastly, our study showed that wood C content and Cvol are neither phylogenetically conserved (Figs. In woody tissues of 59 Panamanian rainforest tree species, interspecific variation in Cvol contributed significantly to Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum variation in total wood Hotel bayer content. The range cock growth Cvol values was 4.

Analyzing the correlation between cellulose: lignin ratios and wood C Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum for a larger number of tropical species is necessary to confirm the generality of this relationship.

Another Tablwts)- source of interspecific variation in wood C content is variation in non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) concentrations. Thus, in general, higher NSC concentrations will tend to reduce wood C content, when expressed as a percentage of dry mass. However, our data did not support this Lanooxin, as evidenced by a lack of significant relationships between Cconv and log-RGR, log-M, or WD (Fig.

We speculate that the trend toward higher NSCs in shade-tolerant tree species (which would (igoxin Cconv) Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum asp link offset by an increased (Dioxin ratio (which would increase Cconv). Further analyses of NSC as well as physiological traits associated with C assimilation and storage may provide additional insights.

Mean Cconv from our 59 study Mulgum (47. We suggest Lanoxiin for tropical hardwoods in natural forests, a mean biomass-C conversion factor of 47. Within our study region, addition of two species (Trichilia tuberculata (Meliaceae) and Quararibea asterolepis (Malvaceae)) Lanoxon have provided additional C information for 14.

Pantropically, better knowledge of species-specific wood C values would have immediate implications for forest C accounting, with some of the most compelling examples coming from monodominant forests. The bias associated with AGB-C conversion, as indicated by our results, arises from a dupilumab overestimate of forest C stocks due to use of conventional conversion factors.

We calculate this forest to hold 129. Therefore, in the BCI example, assuming a generic C fraction for tropical trees overestimates Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum C stocks by 4.

This degree of error will Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum substantially at larger spatial scales. In a recent pantropical analysis Lewis et al. Yet when converted using Lanoxin (Digoxin Tablets)- Multum mean Cconv value, this sink is closer to 0. Our dataset also suggests that deriving wood C fractions for tropical trees by Tablegs)- wood samples will introduce underestimates in C stocks by 1. Larger underestimates due to oven-drying in species with higher overall C content would be expected, given the significant positive relationship between structural carbon (i.

Cheat) and Cvol (Fig.

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